Can The Decisions Made Through Arbitration Be Appealed?

Can The Decisions Made Through Arbitration Be Appealed?

Real Estate Law: Can the Decisions Made Through Arbitration Be Appealed?

In the realm of real estate disputes, parties often seek alternative dispute resolution (ADR) methods like arbitration to avoid the time, cost, and adversarial nature of traditional litigation. Arbitration provides a private and efficient way to resolve conflicts, as an impartial third party, the arbitrator, listens to evidence and arguments from both sides and renders a decision known as an award. While arbitration offers finality and binding decisions, parties may wonder if there are circumstances under which the decisions made through arbitration can be appealed. In this article, we will explore the potential for appealing arbitration decisions in real estate cases and the limited circumstances where such appeals may be possible.

Understanding Arbitration in Real Estate Disputes:

Arbitration is a form of ADR where parties agree to present their case to a neutral third party, the arbitrator, who acts as a private judge. The arbitrator hears evidence, reviews documents, and listens to arguments from both parties before rendering a decision, called the arbitration award. This award is legally binding on the parties, meaning that they are obligated to abide by its terms.

Arbitration is often chosen for its efficiency, privacy, and flexibility. It allows parties to avoid the lengthy court process and benefit from a more streamlined resolution method. Additionally, arbitration allows parties to select an arbitrator with expertise in the specific area of the dispute, such as real estate, which can be advantageous in complex real estate matters.

Finality and Appealability of Arbitration Decisions:

One of the essential characteristics of arbitration is the finality of its decisions. Generally, arbitration awards are final and binding, and parties are not entitled to appeal the arbitrator’s decision to a higher court. This principle is known as the “finality doctrine.”

The finality doctrine is a fundamental aspect of arbitration as it promotes the efficient resolution of disputes. It aims to avoid prolonged litigation and ensure that parties can move forward with certainty once the arbitration process is complete. The idea is that parties voluntarily agree to resolve their disputes through arbitration and, in doing so, waive their right to pursue further appeal.

Limited Grounds for Challenging Arbitration Awards:

While the finality doctrine generally prohibits appeals of arbitration awards, there are limited circumstances where arbitration decisions may be challenged or set aside. These circumstances are governed by federal and state laws, as well as the rules of the arbitration organization or agreement under which the arbitration took place. Some common grounds for challenging arbitration awards include:

1. Fraud or Corruption: If a party can provide evidence of fraud, corruption, or undue influence that affected the arbitration process or award, a court may be willing to set aside the award.

2. Arbitrator Bias: If it can be demonstrated that the arbitrator displayed evident partiality or bias that affected the outcome of the arbitration, a court may be willing to reconsider the award.

3. Lack of Jurisdiction: If the arbitrator exceeded their authority or rendered a decision on issues that were not within the scope of the arbitration agreement, a court may set aside the award.

4. Due Process Violations: If a party’s right to due process was violated during the arbitration proceedings, a court may be willing to review the award.

5. Refusal to Consider Material Evidence: If the arbitrator refuses to consider material evidence that would have significantly affected the outcome of the case, a court may intervene.

6. Public Policy Violation: In rare cases, where the award violates public policy, a court may set aside the award.

7. Exceeding Time Limit: If the arbitration process takes an excessive amount of time and results in undue prejudice to one of the parties, a court may reconsider the award.

It is essential to note that challenging an arbitration award is generally more difficult than appealing a court judgment. Courts show significant deference to arbitration decisions, and the grounds for setting aside an award are narrowly construed.

Preserving Rights to Judicial Review:

To increase the likelihood of preserving the right to judicial review, parties can consider the following steps:

1. Careful Selection of Arbitrator: Parties should carefully select an arbitrator with relevant expertise and ensure that they are neutral and impartial.

2. Properly Drafted Arbitration Agreement: The arbitration agreement should be carefully drafted to specify the scope of the arbitration, the issues subject to arbitration, and any limitations on the arbitrator’s authority.

3. Compliance with Due Process: Parties should ensure that they are given an opportunity to present their case fully and that they have access to relevant evidence and information during the arbitration process.

4. Consultation with Legal Counsel: Parties should seek advice from legal counsel before agreeing to arbitration to understand the implications and limitations of the arbitration process.


Arbitration is a widely used alternative dispute resolution method in real estate disputes due to its efficiency and flexibility. It provides parties with a quicker and more private way to resolve conflicts compared to traditional litigation. The finality doctrine generally prohibits parties from appealing arbitration decisions to a higher court, but there are limited circumstances where arbitration awards may be challenged or set aside.

To preserve the right to judicial review, parties should carefully select an arbitrator, ensure that the arbitration agreement is properly drafted, comply with due process requirements, and seek legal advice before agreeing to arbitration.

It is essential for parties involved in real estate disputes to consider the advantages and limitations of arbitration carefully. Seeking legal advice from experienced real estate attorneys can provide valuable insights into the potential outcomes and implications of choosing arbitration as the dispute resolution method.

Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is for general informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice. Consult with a qualified attorney for personalized guidance pertaining to real estate disputes, arbitration, and the appealability of arbitration decisions.

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