Key Legal Due Diligence Steps for Dental Practice Sellers

Key Legal Due Diligence Steps for Dental Practice Sellers

Key Legal Due Diligence Steps for Dental Practice Sellers


Selling your dental practice is a significant decision that involves various complexities, including a thorough legal due diligence process. As a dental practice seller, it’s essential to ensure that you comply with all legal requirements and protect your interests throughout the transaction. Legal due diligence involves a comprehensive review of contracts, licenses, regulations, and other legal aspects of your practice to identify and address potential issues. In this blog post, we will outline the key legal due diligence steps that dental practice sellers should take to navigate the sale successfully.

1. Review and Organize Contracts

Contracts are a fundamental aspect of any dental practice, and they require careful review during the due diligence process. Dental practice sellers should gather and organize all relevant contracts, including:

Lease Agreements: If your practice operates in a leased space, review the lease agreement to determine the terms, duration, and any obligations related to the lease. Notify the landlord of your intent to sell the practice, and address any necessary lease assignment or transfer procedures.

Employment Agreements: Examine employment contracts with associates, hygienists, and staff members. Assess whether there are non-compete or non-solicitation clauses that may impact the sale.

Vendor Agreements: Review contracts with suppliers, service providers, and vendors. Ensure that there are no contractual obligations that could hinder the sale or impact the transition of services to the new owner.

Partnership Agreements: If your practice is a partnership, review the partnership agreement to determine any provisions related to the sale of the practice. Address any buy-sell agreements or partner consent requirements.

Patient Agreements: Ensure that patient agreements and consent forms are up-to-date and in compliance with applicable laws, including HIPAA.

Insurance Contracts: Review malpractice insurance policies and other insurance contracts. Determine whether tail coverage is necessary or if insurance can be transferred to the buyer.

Thoroughly reviewing and organizing these contracts is essential for identifying any obligations that must be addressed before or during the sale.

2. Licensing and Regulatory Compliance

Licensing and regulatory compliance are critical aspects of dental practice due diligence. Sellers must ensure that their practice is in compliance with all applicable federal, state, and local laws and regulations. Key considerations include:

Dental Licenses: Verify the status and validity of all dental licenses for yourself and any associates. Ensure that licenses are up-to-date and in good standing.

DEA Registration: If your practice handles controlled substances, confirm the current status of your Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) registration and address any necessary transfer procedures.

HIPAA Compliance: Assess your practice’s compliance with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) regulations, including patient privacy and data security requirements.

State Dental Board Requirements: Review your state’s dental board requirements and regulations, including continuing education, recordkeeping, and infection control standards.

Other Regulatory Agencies: Determine whether your practice is subject to oversight by other regulatory agencies, such as OSHA, and ensure compliance with their requirements.

Addressing any licensing or compliance issues promptly is crucial to avoid delays or complications during the sale process.

3. Patient Records and Data Security

Protecting patient records and ensuring data security is a top priority during the sale of a dental practice. Sellers must take the following steps:

Patient Records: Organize and secure all patient records, ensuring that they are complete, accurate, and in compliance with applicable privacy laws.

HIPAA Compliance: Conduct a thorough HIPAA compliance review, including policies, procedures, training, and any necessary risk assessments.

Data Transfer: Develop a plan for the secure transfer of patient records to the buyer or the buyer’s chosen electronic health record system. Ensure that patient consent is obtained as required by law.

Data Breach Prevention: Implement data breach prevention measures to safeguard patient information during the transition and beyond.

Notification: Notify patients of the pending sale, their rights regarding their medical records, and the continuity of care under the new ownership.

Protecting patient records and maintaining data security is not only a legal obligation but also essential for preserving patient trust and goodwill during the transition.

4. Non-Compete and Non-Solicitation Agreements

Many dental practice sellers have non-compete and non-solicitation agreements in place, either as part of employment contracts with associates or as standalone agreements. Sellers should carefully review these agreements to determine their scope, duration, and enforceability. Consider the following:

Non-Compete Agreements: Determine whether you are subject to a non-compete agreement that restricts your ability to practice dentistry in a specific geographic area or for a specified period after the sale.

Non-Solicitation Agreements: Assess any non-solicitation agreements that prohibit you from soliciting patients, employees, or referral sources of the practice after the sale.

Enforceability: Consult with legal counsel to assess the enforceability of these agreements under state law and evaluate any potential challenges or exceptions.

Addressing non-compete and non-solicitation agreements early in the due diligence process allows you to plan accordingly and negotiate potential modifications if necessary.

5. Transition Planning and Patient Notification

Effective transition planning is essential to ensure a smooth handover of patient care and maintain goodwill within the practice. Sellers should:

Collaborate with the Buyer: Work closely with the buyer to develop a transition plan that outlines the timing and process for patient handover, staff retention, and the transfer of assets.

Patient Notification: Notify patients of the sale and the transition of care to the new owner. Provide information about the buyer’s qualifications and commitment to patient care.

Staff Communication: Maintain open communication with your staff about the sale, their employment status, and any changes to their roles or responsibilities.

Goodwill Preservation: Collaborate with the buyer to ensure a seamless transition that preserves the practice’s goodwill and reputation.

Effective transition planning and patient notification are not only legal considerations but also essential for the success of the practice under new ownership.


Legal due diligence is a critical component of selling a dental practice that requires careful attention to detail and compliance with various legal requirements. By reviewing and organizing contracts, ensuring licensing and regulatory compliance, safeguarding patient records, addressing non-compete agreements, and planning for a smooth transition, dental practice sellers can navigate the sale process successfully while protecting their interests and preserving patient care continuity. Consulting with experienced legal professionals specializing in dental practice sales is essential to ensure a smooth and legally sound transaction.

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