Legal Due Diligence Checklist for Veterinary Clinic Sales

Legal Due Diligence Checklist for Veterinary Clinic Sales

Legal Due Diligence Checklist for Veterinary Clinic Sales


Selling a veterinary clinic is a significant endeavor that involves numerous legal considerations. Whether you’re a clinic owner looking to retire or transition to a different career, or a prospective buyer interested in acquiring a veterinary practice, conducting thorough legal due diligence is essential. In this blog post, we’ll provide you with a comprehensive checklist of legal due diligence steps for veterinary clinic sales. By following these steps, you can ensure a smooth and legally sound transaction that protects the interests of all parties involved.

Review Financial Documents

The first step in the legal due diligence process is to review all financial documents related to the veterinary clinic. This includes:

Financial Statements: Request copies of the clinic’s financial statements for the past three to five years. Analyze income statements, balance sheets, and cash flow statements to assess the clinic’s financial health and profitability.

Tax Returns: Obtain copies of the clinic’s federal and state tax returns for the same period to verify income and tax compliance.

Accounts Receivable: Examine the clinic’s accounts receivable to identify outstanding invoices and assess their collectability.

Expense Records: Review records of clinic expenses, including payroll, rent or lease payments, utility bills, and other operational costs.

A thorough financial review will provide insights into the clinic’s financial stability and help both buyers and sellers make informed decisions.

Assess Legal and Regulatory Compliance

Ensuring that the veterinary clinic is compliant with all legal and regulatory requirements is crucial. Conduct a comprehensive review of the following:

Licenses and Permits: Verify that the clinic holds all necessary licenses and permits to operate legally, including state veterinary licenses, DEA registrations, and local business permits.

Leases and Contracts: Examine all lease agreements, contracts with vendors, employment agreements, and any other legal documents. Ensure that these agreements are up-to-date and transferable.

Insurance: Review the clinic’s insurance policies, including professional liability insurance and property insurance. Confirm that coverage is adequate and up-to-date.

HIPAA Compliance: If the clinic handles patient health information, assess compliance with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) regulations. Ensure that patient records are secure and privacy practices are in place.

State Veterinary Board Regulations: Review state veterinary board regulations to confirm that the clinic and its veterinarians are in compliance with all requirements.

Identifying any legal or regulatory issues early in the due diligence process allows both parties to address them before the sale proceeds.

Evaluate Patient Records and Data Security

For veterinary clinic sales, patient records and data security are critical aspects of legal due diligence. Consider the following steps:

Patient Records: Review the organization and completeness of patient records. Ensure that all records are well-maintained, legible, and include essential medical information.

Data Security: Assess the clinic’s data security practices and protocols to safeguard patient information. Confirm that the clinic has policies in place to protect against data breaches and unauthorized access.

Consent Forms: Review patient consent forms to ensure that they are complete and comply with legal requirements, such as informed consent for treatment and release of medical records.

Proper management of patient records and data security is not only legally required but also crucial for maintaining patient trust during the transition.

Analyze Contracts and Agreements

Contracts and agreements associated with the veterinary clinic should be carefully reviewed during legal due diligence. This includes:

Lease Agreements: If the clinic operates in a leased space, review the lease agreement to determine its terms, duration, and any provisions related to transfer or assignment.

Employment Contracts: Examine employment contracts for veterinarians and staff members to understand obligations, compensation, and any non-compete clauses.

Vendor Agreements: Assess contracts with vendors, suppliers, and service providers to identify any obligations, outstanding liabilities, or terms that may need to be addressed in the sale.

Real Estate Agreements: If the veterinary clinic includes real estate, review any agreements related to the property, such as mortgages, easements, or property management contracts.

Identifying contractual obligations and liabilities ensures that both buyers and sellers are fully aware of their responsibilities and can negotiate terms accordingly.

Review Patient Notification and Transfer Plans

As part of the legal due diligence checklist, it’s essential to consider patient notification and transfer plans. These steps can help ensure a smooth transition and maintain the continuity of care:

Patient Notification: Develop a plan for notifying patients about the clinic sale. Provide clear and transparent communication to inform them about the upcoming changes and introduce them to the new owner or veterinary team.

Patient Transfer: Establish a process for transferring patient records and medical history to the new clinic owner, ensuring compliance with patient privacy regulations.

Consent for Transfer: Obtain written consent from patients for the transfer of their records to the new clinic owner.

Continuity of Care: Ensure that there is a plan in place for patient appointments, ongoing treatment, and any follow-up care required during the transition.

Effective patient notification and transfer plans are not only ethical but also legally necessary to protect patient rights and privacy.


Legal due diligence is a critical component of veterinary clinic sales, ensuring that the transaction is conducted smoothly, transparently, and in compliance with all legal and regulatory requirements. By following this comprehensive checklist, both sellers and buyers can navigate the complexities of veterinary clinic sales with confidence. Engaging experienced legal professionals specializing in veterinary practice transactions is essential to address legal issues effectively and protect the interests of all parties involved. Proper legal due diligence is an investment in a successful and legally sound clinic sale.

Whether you’re a property owner, investor, or business owner, Real Estate Law Corporation™ is your trusted partner on the path to legal success. Contact us today to embark on a journey of exceptional legal support. Our team of seasoned attorneys brings decades of experience to every case, demonstrating a profound understanding of real estate law, transactions, litigation, business intricacies, and estate planning. With a proven record of success, our portfolio is adorned with numerous landmark cases that stand as a testament to our dedication, expertise, and commitment to achieving favorable outcomes for our clients.